Where And How To Apply
Citizens of the United States of America, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland, the Republic of Korea, as well as EU citizens may apply for their residence permit for work purposes after entering Germany without a visa.However, in cases where an employment is intended to begin directly after arrival in Germany, a visa has to be issued in advance, since it is not possible to start working in Germany before having the obligatory work permit.
Citizens of other countries are required to apply and obtain a visa for work purposes prior to entry at the German Embassy in Washington, the Consulate Generals in Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York or San Francisco.
All German Missions require that you schedule an appointment in order to apply for a visa. Appointments have to be booked via our free online appointment system.
Job Vacancies In Germany
With low levels of unemployment, Germany is not as affected by skills shortages as some other parts of Europe and there are no nationwide skills shortages. However, skilled workers in science, technology, engineering and maths and health occupations are in short supply, particularly in southern and eastern Germany.
According to , there are currently just over 573,000 job vacancies in Germany. This has reduced from nearly 800,000 a year ago. Vacancies include skilled professions as well as casual work in areas such as English teaching and hospitality.
Search For American Companies Hiring Overseas
One option you shouldnt overlook is working for a US based company which is either hiring in Germany, or which may relocate staff to its base there.
Some US giants like Amazon, and popular tech firms like KAYAK¹ have a big presence in Germany, as well as many startups and mid-size companies.
Start out by researching US companies in your professional field which have offices, headquarters or operations in Germany and see what you turn up.
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Labor Laws And Labor Rights In Germany
The average working week in Germany is around 40 hours per week, although the maximum working week is 48 hours. An employee can work up to 10 hours a day if the average hours per day doesnt exceed eight over a 24-week period.
The minimum annual statutory holiday entitlement in Germany is 20 days per year. German workers also get other benefits such as sick pay and maternity pay. Most work, both full-time and part-time, will be regulated by an employment contract. However, you should carefully check the finer details of any contract before signing as some employers try to include clauses that are heavily in their favor.
Notice periods for the employer terminating a contract in Germany usually start at two weeks during the probation period, increasing to four weeks for most standard contracts. For long-term workers, notice periods can be much longer .
Read more in our guide to German labor law.
What Does The Make It In Germany Portal Offer
www.make-it-in-germany.com is the German governments portal for skilled workers from around the world. The portal, which can be browsed in a variety of different languages, offers information for those interested in moving to Germany starting with preparations in the home country, to the actual move, to the first steps to be taken in Germany. Providing key information: Make it in Germany provides comprehensive information about entry and visa procedures, finding jobs, and life in Germany. Entrepreneurs and researchers can obtain specific information about their career prospects in Germany. The site also sets out information about vocational training and higher education.Making job-hunting easier: The Make it in Germany job listings enable skilled workers to look for suitable job vacancies and to find out what sectors and regions are looking to recruit. The portal also provides important information, such as how the job application process in Germany works.
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Learn About The German Mini
You may come across mini-jobs while youre job hunting in Germany. Its worth noting that you wont be able to get a work permit with a mini-job and youll need to see if your visa will allow you to legally carry out a mini-job before you accept one.
In a mini-job, employers hire short-term workers to do a limited job, and pay no more than 450 Euros for it. The duration of the job can vary. Maybe an employee works two long days, or maybe they work a short time each day over a period of a week or so. But at the end of the gig, they get 450 Euros tax free, and the employer pays lower taxes than for full-time employees and no insurance.
Typical mini-jobs are in the service industry, like waiting tables, washing dishes, or cleaning. But they also often function like temp jobs and allow people to do office work.
How Do Jobs With The Government Differ From Jobs In The Private Sector
Jobs in the private sector are often better paid than in the public sector. Jobs with the government also typically have a stricter hierarchy and more strictly separated areas of responsibility. Compared to employees in the private sector, government employees have a number of more established rights. This may include, for example, flexitime, the right to work from home or the right to work part-time.
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What Jobs Are Available With The Government In Germany
The sum of all employees in the federal, state, and local governments and their affiliated sectors is called the civil service. In the public service, there are employees as well as civil servants. Likewise, there are temporary as well as permanent employment relationships for employees at the start. In most cases, remuneration is based on a clearly defined salary scale. Certain positions are assigned to a specific pay grade and are generally paid accordingly regardless of the qualifications and performance characteristics of an applicant. Apprenticeships, internships and dual studies are also possible in Germany with the state.
In the wake of the Corona pandemic, many people had to change jobs. In some sectors there was almost a clear cut in employment: especially in the catering and accommodation industry, but also in many other sectors. People who used to work in these sectors are looking for alternatives.
The state has continued to hire during the Corona pandemic, and it is expected that many vacancies in state structures will continue to be filled in the coming years. So it may be worth taking a look at this.
Try Job Hunting On Online Platforms
Depending on your profession you may be able to find positions being advertised online, through your personal network, or through targeted job hunting.
Online platforms are the perfect place to start your job search, and you can begin to get a feel for the opportunities before you even head to Germany in person. Some popular sites which offer expat jobs in Germany include:
- Make it in Germany
- Federal Employment Agency
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I Am A Foreign National Interested In Working In Germany What Opportunities Are Open To Me
Foreign nationals other than European Union , European Economic Area and Swiss nationals may reside in Germany for the purpose of taking up gainful employment if they have a residence permit which explicitly authorises them to do so. Foreigners access to the labour market is limited by the Ordinance on the admission of foreigners for the purpose of taking up employment. Access is in principle limited to certain occupational groups and normally requires the approval of the employment authorities, nonetheless there are numerous exceptions to this principle. In fact in recent years, various legislative measures have further liberalised access to the German labour market.
For unskilled and low-skilled workers access to the labour market remains limited. In contrast, in the case of highly-qualified foreign nationals such as university graduates, the legal barriers to working in Germany have been further reduced.
As from 1 August 2012 people with a recognized university degree or a degree comparable to a German degree will, under the EU Blue Card system, have easier access to the labour market. To obtain the Blue Card, they must simply furnish proof of their qualifications and a concrete job offer that would provide annual gross earnings of at least 56.400 euros. In these cases the approval of the Federal Employment Agency is not required.
Seeking employment in Germany
Please find more information on the following webpages:
How Productive Is Germany
Germany is usually seen as one of the world’s most productive economies – meaning that it has a very high level of output per individual worker. Statistics vary, but to illustrate the point, most experts believe that UK workers achieve in five days what Germans achieve in four. And that’s true in almost all German industries.
This strong economy rests on various sectors, including aerospace and automobile manufacturing, information technology, life sciences and pharmaceuticals, logistics, healthcare, agriculture, sustainable energy, and digital marketing. This diversity means that a wide range of skills are needed, and companies seek to recruit all over the world.
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List Of Overseas Occupations Most Needed
The federal overseas jobs that are most often available are listed below, click on the occupational title for a list of current job vacancies:
Also visit the Department of Defenses civilian employment center at . This site is a wealth of information and includes extensive job listings.
Do Americans Need A Visa For Germany
First things first, you need to sort out your rights to live and work in Germany. The good news is that, as an American citizen, you have the right to enter Germany without a visa and then apply for a residence permit once you have arrived.
As soon as you have arrived in Germany, you can start the residence permit application procedure, if you wish. However, if you are looking for work, the likelihood of your application being accepted is significantly higher if you already have a job offer. You may also wish to consult with a lawyer.
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Job Retention Schemes Helped To Support The Incomes Of Workers On Reduced Working Hours
Workers on JR support typically are much better off than workers on full-time unemployment insurance benefits, even in the case of a complete stoppage. JR support tends to be more strongly targeted to lowwage workers, particularly in countries where spending on JR schemes is more limited. Consequently, JR not only helped to prevent job losses, but also prevented financial hardship and supported aggregate consumption by supporting the earnings of workers on reduced working time and particularly those with a low spending capacity.
Job retention schemes offer stronger support than unemployment benefits to workers who are temporarily not working
Job retention schemes provide strong income support to workers on reduced working hours, mitigating financial hardship for many workers and supporting aggregate demand. Income support provided through job retention schemes tends to be stronger than regular unemployment benefits.
*Germany: Net replacement rates for single worker without children.
Note: Short-time work schemes only subsidise hours not worked, while wage subsidy schemes can also subsidies hours worked. Unemployment benefit rates refer to the situation two months of unemployment not including social assistance or housing benefits. Netherlands: The scheme pays a WS, which is proportional to the decrease in revenue, similar in spirit to a STW scheme.
Less generous JR schemes tend to be more strongly targeted to low wage workers
Job Salaries In Germany
The minimum wage in Germany is set each year. As of January 2020, it stands at 9.35 an hour, which currently places it fifth among EU countries.
Average monthly earnings in Germany are 4,021 however, this varies across sectors, regions, and gender. The gender pay gap is 21% as of 2018.
Read more in our guide to average salaries in Germany.
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Job Market In Germany
Germany has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the European Union, measuring at 3.9% in May 2020. This is well below the EU and Eurozone averages at 6.7% and 7.4% respectively. In some parts of southern Germany, such as Bavaria , the unemployment rate is even lower.
A study by the German Federal Institution for Population Research showed that a third of non-EU migrants in Germany in 2010/11 found work within 12 months, although this situation has significantly changed following Germanys refugee influx since 2015 and with the 2020 Covid crisis. However, if you are well qualified and have a basic knowledge of German, there are much higher chances of finding a job in Germany, where such qualities are valued.
Germany is home to many large global companies and is particularly strong in the automotive sector. Some of the biggest companies in Germany include:
- Deutsche Telekom
However, smaller firms and startups are also commonplace. Around 90% of businesses in Germany are SMEs and they account for around two-thirds of all jobs.
Teaching English In Germany
There are lots of opportunities for native English speakers to teach English in Germany: school children, older students in language schools, private tutoring, as well as teaching professional English to staff of international companies. Youll need to have a degree and experience as well as a TEFL qualification.
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Work Visas In Germany
If youre from the European Union or European Free Trade Association , you dont need a permit to work in Germany as long as you have a valid passport or ID card, although registering your address is required. Read more in our guide for EU/EEA/Swiss moving to Germany.
Non-EU/EFTA nationals will need a relevant work visa in order to work in Germany. The process for this will depend on where you are coming from and what job you are coming to do.
Us Government Civilian Employees Working Overseas
If you are a U.S. citizen working for the U.S. Government, including the Foreign Service, and you are stationed abroad, your income tax filing requirements are generally the same as those for citizens and residents living in the United States. You are taxed on your worldwide income, even though you live and work abroad. However, you may receive certain allowances and have certain expenses that you generally do not have while living in the United States.
This page does not cover the rules that apply if you are stationed in American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or Puerto Rico. That information may be found in Individuals Living in U.S. Possessions.
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Requirements For Finding Work In Germany
Before they can take up work in Germany, new arrivals will need to secure a Job Seeker Visa. This document is issued by the German state via consulates or embassies abroad, and grants foreigners permission to find work in Germany itself. There are some exemptions, but as a rule, those arriving from outside the EU will probably need to apply.
This visa allows newcomers six months in which they can settle into German life and start contacting potential employers. We’ll look at how to obtain one in more detail in just a moment, but it’s important to be aware that the visa application exists.
Alongside this, it is vital for all German residents to obtain health insurance. There are numerous providers offering different levels of cover. At Expatrio, we can help .
How Can I Get A Job In Germany
The job market includes direct appointments, as well as apprenticeships and graduate schemes, which include on-the-job training. This kind of arrangement is common in German companies, which seek toensure that all staff have the required skills. Companies also tend to appreciate employees who are familiar with Germany’s business culture, with its stress on formality, punctuality and respect for rules.
If you’re wondering how long it takes to get a job, the answer is: it varies. If you use notice boards and online portals, and work with advisors to organize your search, a couple of months is a realistic time frame to find work in Germany for foreigners.
How Can I Apply For State Jobs In Germany As A Non
How to apply to state jobs in Germany as a foreigner
Search the Internet for a job or apprenticeship that is right for you. Use a variety of resources to do so. Look at the homepages of cities, counties, states, and the various government agencies such as tax offices, police, colleges, etc.
Apply for a specific job or send a general application. On more and more sites you can also apply to the state electronically. However, some agencies still require hardcopy applications: You must then send your papers in an envelope.
The public authorities are obliged to send you an acknowledgement of receipt. If you do not receive this, you should ask after a few days whether the application has arrived and when you will receive your confirmation of receipt.
Government agencies have very strict guidelines for filling positions and the selection processes often take several weeks. We have also experienced processes of months and in one case over a year. So be prepared for it to take a long time.
Most interviews at the state still take place in person and not online. Committees of several people are formed. If you make it to an interview, you often have a high chance of being taken but of course there is no guarantee.