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Definition Of Socialism In Government

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Is Socialism Better Than Capitalism

This is the definition of socialism: GOP senator

This question is a matter of debate and political ideology. Capitalism has seen the greatest rise in wealth and standards of living in human history, accompanied by innovation and invention. However, capitalism, driven by fierce competition for profits and market share, has also been blamed for rising wealth disparities, social inequalities, alienation, exploitation, and the misery of the working class. Socialism, on the other hand, promises egalitarianism by returning the means of production to the laboring class. In doing so, wealth disparities are greatly minimized and society as a whole may flourish. However, collective ownership and less competition might put a damper on innovation and technological progress. Furthermore, people are often wary of giving up personal freedom as governments direct production and consumption choices.

Is There Socialism In The Us Today

Yes. Social welfare programs such as food stamps, unemployment compensation, and housing assistance can be described as socialist. It can also be argued that government programs like Medicare and Social Security are too. There are also socialist organizations in the U.S., such as the Democratic Socialists of America, which counts among its members Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez , Rashida Tlaib , Cori Bush , and Jamaal Bowman is a self-described democratic socialist.

Other examples of socialism in the U.S. include organizations like worker co-ops, , public libraries, and public schools.

Differences Between Socialism And Communism

The main three points that differentiate communism from other forms of socialism are their views on implementing communism, the state’s role, class, andcollectivism. Firstly, communists believe that the only way to truly implement communism is through a revolution to install a dictatorship of the proletariat.

Next, while all socialists believe in a strong state, communists believe that there should be a strong state in the short term to implement communism, but after this happens, the state isn’t necessary anymore and that we can and should live in a stateless society. Similarly, communists tend to argue that classes should be abolished altogether and that this is necessary in order to gain equality of outcome.

Lastly, communists tend to take a more extreme view on common ownership andcollectivism. That is, private property should be abolished, all property should be shared, and that the entire economy should be collectivised and controlled by the state.

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Socialism: History Theory & Analysis

Kirsten Rohrs Schmitt is an accomplished professional editor, writer, proofreader, and fact-checker. She has expertise in finance, investing, real estate, and world history. Throughout her career, she has written and edited content for numerous consumer magazines and websites, crafted resumes and social media content for business owners, and created collateral for academia and nonprofits. Kirsten is also the founder and director of Your Best Edit find her on LinkedIn and Facebook.

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What Is Socialism In Simple Terms

Socialism 101 SOCIALISM the Government Owns Most Major Industries a ...

Socialism can be hard to understand. However, a simple socialism definition would be where a government or group provides everything to the people or workers. You can think of this as everything being owned by the public. It’s also called common ownership. So, the government, rather than corporations, regulates everything from your wage to healthcare. The theory of socialism was developed by Karl Marx. To get a better idea of socialism, it can be helpful to look at some of the elements.

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Key Takeaways: What Is Socialism

  • Socialism is an economic, social, and political system based on public rather than private ownership of a countrys means of production.
  • Means of production include the machinery, tools, and factories used to produce the goods needed to satisfy human needs.
  • In a socialist system, all decisions regarding production, distribution, and pricing are made by the government.
  • Citizens in socialist societies depend on the government for everything, including food, housing, education, and healthcare.
  • While Socialism is considered the antithesis of capitalism, most modern capitalist economies today, including the United States have some aspects of Socialism.
  • The primary goal of Socialism is the elimination of socioeconomic classes through equal distribution of income.

While there are several different forms of Socialism, in a purely socialist system, all decisions regarding the legal production and distribution of goods and services, including output and pricing levels are made by the government. Individual citizens rely on the government for everything from food to healthcare.

Socialism Vs Communism In Marxist Thought

Although this article focuses on socialism rather than Marxism per se, there is an important distinction within Marxist thought that warrants mention here. This is the distinction between socialism and communism.

Both socialism and communism are forms of post-capitalism. Both feature social rather than private ownership of the means of production. Both, within Marxist orthodoxy, reject market production for profit in favor of planned production for use. But beyond these important similarities lie significant differences. In the Critique of the Gotha Progam, Marxs fullest discussion of these matters, he divides post-capitalism into two parts, a lower phase and a higher phase . The lower phase follows immediately on the heels of capitalism, and so resembles it in certain ways. As Marx memorably puts this point, socialism is in every respect, economically, morally and intellectually still stamped with the birth marks of the old society from whose womb it emerges . These capitalist birth marks include:

  • Material scarcity. Like capitalism, socialism does not overcome scarcity. Under socialism, the social surplus increases, but it is not yet sufficiently large to cover all competing claims.

Unpacking this passage, we see that Marx makes all of the following claims about communism:

  • It has done away with the division of labor, especially that between mental and physical labor

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But Is Socialism American

Some of America’s most popular policies have been linked with socialism since their inception, whether the label was earned or not. When Social Security was first proposed by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in the midst of the Great Depression, a suspicious senator asked the secretary of labor whether it counted as socialism. When told it did not, the senator responded, “Isn’t this a teeny-weeny bit of socialism?”

American entrepreneurs have also taken advantage of programs that could be interpreted as socialism-lite.

Donald Trump’s father, Fred, got his start building Depression-era homes for New York families with the help of the Federal Housing Administration. The FHA insures home mortgages made by private lenders essentially bringing some control over America’s finances under the power of its people, via the federal government. Later, Fred Trump turned to the FHA again, building agency-backed housing for military families. Donald Trump later inherited his father’s fortune, built in part by these projects.

First published on September 23, 2020 / 10:00 AM

References And Further Reading

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  • Albert, Michael. Parecon: Life After Capitalism. London: Verso, 2003.
  • Presents Albert participatory planning model of socialism.
  • Albert, Michael, and Robin Hahnel. Looking Forward: Participatory Economics for the Twenty First Century. South End Press, 1991.
  • An early statement of Albert and Hahnels participatory planning model of socialism.
  • Arneson, Richard. Equality and Equal Opportunity for Welfare. Philosophical Studies 56 , 77-93, 1989.
  • A canonical statement of the luck egalitarian position.
  • Bellamy, Edward. Looking Backward. Dover, 1996 .
  • A utopian novel, widely acclaimed in its day, depicting political, economic and social arrangements in socialist Boston, some 100 years after a successful revolution.
  • Braverman, Harry. Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century. 25th Anniversary Edition. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1998 .
  • Important Marxist analysis of work, according to which the imperatives of profit-maximization force capitalists to simplify and routinize labor processes, thereby degrading work.
  • Brennan, Jason. Why Not Capitalism? New York: Routledge, 2014.
  • A sharp parody of and rejoinder to G.A. Cohens Why Not Socialism? that defends capitalism on moral grounds.
  • Carens, Joseph. Equality, Incentives, and the Market: An Essay in Utopian Politico-Economic Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981.
  • Cohen, G.A. The Structure of Proletarian Unfreedom. Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 12, No. 1, 333, 1983.
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    Democratic Socialism And Social Democracy

    You can’t talk about ending the slums without first saying profit must be taken out of slums. You’re really tampering and getting on dangerous ground because you are messing with folk then. You are messing with captains of industry. Now this means that we are treading in difficult water, because it really means that we are saying that something is wrong with capitalism. There must be a better distribution of wealth, and maybe America must move toward a democratic socialism.

    â, 1966

    Modern democratic socialism is a broad political movement that seeks to promote the ideals of socialism within the context of a democratic system. Some democratic socialists support social democracy as a temporary measure to reform the current system while others reject reformism in favour of more revolutionary methods. Modern social democracy emphasises a program of gradual legislative modification of capitalism in order to make it more equitable and humane while the theoretical end goal of building a socialist society is relegated to the indefinite future. According to Sheri Berman, Marxism is loosely held to be valuable for its emphasis on changing the world for a more just, better future.

    What Is Socialism Definition And Examples

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    • B.S., Texas A& M University

    Socialism is an economic, social, and political theory advocating collective or governmental control and administration of a countrys means of economic production. Means of production include any machinery, tools, farms, factories, natural resources, and infrastructure used in producing and distributing the goods necessary to directly satisfy the needs of the people. Under Socialism, any surplus or profit resulting from these citizen-owned means of production is shared equally by those same citizens.

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    This Is Socialism And This Isn’t

    At its simplest, socialism calls for a nation’s citizens to control at least some of its means of production the major ingredients needed for a healthy economy. Think infrastructure, energy, natural resources. Under socialism, any surplus or profit from those sectors must benefit those same citizens. Capitalism, meanwhile, calls for private owners to control the means of production and to keep any profit they make for themselves.

    Many Americans see these two systems as opposites and Republicans, in particular, tend to view it as an either-or situation. In a recent Pew Research Center survey, the majority of Republicans expressed a positive view of capitalism and a negative view of socialism.

    But a substantial minority of voters hold a positive view of both systems 25% of the overall group of Americans surveyed by Pew felt favorably about socialism as well as a capitalist economy.

    The fact is, the two systems can, and do, coexist in many countries. Some governments blend socialist policies with capitalism and democratically elected leadership, a system usually called social democracy.

    No socialists ran for president on a major-party ticket in 2020. President Joe Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris are not socialists. They are not members of the current socialist party, called Socialist Party USA, or of the nation’s biggest socialist organization, the Democratic Socialists of America , which has about 70,000 members nationwide.

    Socialism And Capitalism: Basic Institutional Contrasts

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    Considered as an economic system, socialism is best understood in contrast with capitalism.

    Capitalism designates an economic system with all of the following features:

  • The means of production are, for the most part, privately owned
  • People own their labor power, and are legally free to sell it to others
  • Production is generally oriented towards profit rather than use: firms produce not in the first instance to satisfy human needs, but rather to make money and
  • An economic system is socialist only if it rejects feature 1, private ownership of the means of production in favor of public or social ownership. But must an economic system reject any of features 2-4 to count as socialist, or is rejection of private property sufficient as well as necessary? Here, socialists disagree. Some, often called market socialists, hold that socialism is compatible, in principle, with wage labor, profit-seeking firms, and extensive use of markets to organize and coordinate production and investment. Others, sometimes called orthodox or classical socialists, contend that an economic system with these features is scarcely distinguishable from capitalism true socialism, on this view, requires not merely social ownership of the means of production but also planned production for use, as opposed to anarchic, market-driven production for profit.

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    What Is Socialism And What Do Socialists Really Want In 2021

    Watch the CBS Reports documentary, “Speaking Frankly | Socialism,” in the video player above.

    Just what is socialism? It was a buzzword in the 2020 election season, having sprung up dozens of times during campaign, particularly during the Republication National Convention. Conservative leaders depicted the idea as a democracy-killing bogeyman. Some Democrats including Senator Bernie Sanders and Representatives Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Rashida Tlaib have embraced the label with gusto.

    The economic and political system has history going back centuries. Directly or otherwise, it has influenced government policies around the world, including in America.

    But what exactly does socialism mean? What do socialists want right now? And is the Republican warning that socialism is threatening to destroy the American way of life a real concern? There are some facts about socialism that are beyond dispute.

    Define Goals Of Socialism

    Socialist Economy is based on the principle of collective ownership. Learn all about its features, advantages and disadvantages all under one roof.

    Table of Content

    What is socialism? Some people believe that socialism is about giving power to the people, while others believe that socialism is about government control of the economy. In this blog post, we will discuss the goals of socialism and what it means for the people. We will look at different definitions of socialism and how they impact the average person. We will also explore collective ownership and social equality. By understanding these concepts, we can get a better idea of what socialism is really all about!

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    B Private State And Social Ownership

    To understand socialism, one must distinguish between three forms of ownership. Under private ownership, individuals or groups of individuals are the primary agents of ownership it is they who enjoy the various rights of use, control, transfer, income generation, and so on discussed above. Under state ownership, the state retains for itself these rights, and is thus the primary agent of ownership. Both of these forms of ownership should be familiar to anyone who has frequented a business or driven on an interstate highway.

    Much less familiar is the key socialist idea of social ownership. Social ownership of an asset means that the people have control over the disposition of that asset and its product . Social ownership of the means of production, then, obtains to the degree that the people themselves have control over these means: over their use and over the products that eventuate from that use. This is a conceptually simple idea, but it can be difficult to grasp its practical implications. How, in concrete terms, could social control over the means of production be realized?

    Socialization means the democratization of decision making in the everyday economy, of micro as well as macro choices. It looks primarily but not exclusively to the decentralized, face-to-face participation of the direct producers and their communities in determining the matters that shape their social lives .

    A Ownership: Some Preliminaries

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    Consider a societys instruments of production, its land, buildings, factories, tools, and machinery consider also its raw materials, its oil and timber and minerals and so on. Together, these instruments and these materials comprise societys means of production. To whom should these means of production belong: to society as a whole, or to private individuals or groups of individuals? This is the central question dividing capitalists and socialists, with capitalists advocating extensive rights of private ownership of the means of production and socialists advocating extensive social or public ownership of these means.

    Notice that the capitalist/socialist dispute does not concern the desirability of private property in items unrelated to production. The issue between socialists and capitalists is not whether individuals should be able to own personal property but whether they should be able to own productive property .

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    Why Socialism Freedom And Human Development

    Many socialists point to considerations of freedom, broadly understood, to support socialism over capitalism.

    Freedom comes in many varieties. This article will discuss two. Formal freedom involves the absence of interference. Effective freedom involves the presence of capability. A person who is unable to walk has the formal freedom to ascend a steep flight of stepsassuming that no one will interfere with her attemptbut lacks the effective freedom to do so.

    Features Of Socialist Economy

  • Community Ownership- socialism is an economic system where the means of production are owned by the community as a whole. Community members share equally in the benefits generated by these resources.
  • Social Equality- socialism aims to create a society where everyone has an equal say in decisions made about how resources are used. This means that everyone has an equal opportunity to fulfill their needs and wants.
  • Collective Ownership- socialism emphasizes the need for collective ownership of resources. This means that resources are owned and controlled by the community, rather than by individuals.
  • Central Economy Planning- socialism also advocates for centrally planned economies. This means that the government makes decisions about how resources are to be used, rather than leaving these decisions up to the market.
  • Equal Income Distribution: socialism seeks to create a more equal distribution of income. This means that everyone would have access to the same resources and would be able to live a comfortable life.
  • No Market Force: Socialists also believe that there should be no market forces dictating how resources are allocated. This means that the government would make all decisions about resource allocation, rather than the market.
  • Absence Of Consumers Choice: socialism does not believe in the idea of consumers choice. This means that people would not be able to choose what they want to buy or consume.
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