Wednesday, September 14, 2022

Student Loan Relief Programs Government

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If You Don’t Know Who Owns The Loan

360 in-depth: Student loan debt and relief on the way for thousands

The following three loan categories are not necessarily ED-owned. Commercial lenders sometimes own FFEL and HEAL loans, and schools sometimes own Perkins loans. That being said, on March 30, 2021, the Department of Education expanded its pauseon federal student loan interest and collections to include all defaulted loans in the Federal Family Education Loan Program.

If you don’t see that 0% interest rate on your account, contact your student loan servicer and ask who owns your loans. If you don’t want to call or email them, you might be able to find the information yourself by logging into your account and looking for your loan details. Let’s say your servicer is Nelnet, one of the biggest student loan servicers. Within your Nelnet account, you can click on “loan details” to see a list of all your loans. This list won’t show you who owns your loans, though. To get that information, you’ll need to pick one of your loans from the drop-down box.

Best-case scenario, your servicer discovers it has made a mistake and cuts your rate. You should always act as your advocate. Student loan servicers have a poor reputation for acting in borrowers’ best interests. To be fair, why should they? You aren’t their customer the government or the investors who own your loans are their customers. They’re basically acting as debt collectors for whoever owns your loans that’s how they earn money.

Limited Pslf Waiver Set To Expire In October 2022

Under sweeping new reforms announced by the Biden administration in October , the Department of Education is transforming the PSLF program by relaxing some of the key program criteria that has historically limited student loan forgiveness relief to only certain categories of federal student loans and specific kinds of repayment plans. The changes will allow thousands of additional borrowers to qualify for PSLF relief, and in fact, over $2.4 billion in student loan forgiveness has already been awarded to nearly 40,000 borrowers.

But the changes to PSLF are temporary, and are set to expire on October 31, 2022. Many borrowers will have to take action before that deadline, such as certifying past and current employment or consolidating non-Direct federal student loans through the federal Direct consolidation program, in order to qualify. And after the October deadline passes, the PSLF program will revert to the original program rules, unless the temporary changes are extended by the Biden administraiton .

Additional Changes To Pslf Regulations May Be Finalized This Year

While the Biden administration has made many new changes to PSLF through presidential executive action, the Education Department is also in the process of overhauling regulations governing PSLF to more permanently alter the program. Last month, the Department held a negotiated rulemaking session to discuss several proposed changes including automating employment certifications, broadening the definition of a qualifying payment, allowing certain types of deferment and forbearance to count, and expanding the categories of qualifying employment. Rulemaking committee members also discussed making some elements of the Limited PSLF Waiver permanent, such as allowing payments made prior to federal Direct loan consolidation to be counted towards PSLF.

The Departments negotiated rulemaking committee failed to reach a consensus on proposed changes to PSLF during last months session, so it is unclear which changes Department officials will choose to include in new regulations. More information on the final proposed regulations will likely be released later in 2022, with implementation targeted for mid-2023.

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If You Go Back To School

Once the Governments have contributed to your principal payment, you cannot receive additional student loans or grants until your existing loans are paid in full. However, you can still get interest-free status for your existing student loans if you return to school.

Once you have received a RAP-PD benefit and 5 years have passed since you have left school, you may not be eligible to receive further provincial loans and grants from some provinces until your loan from that jurisdiction is paid in full. Please contact your province for more information. This does not apply to the federal part of your loan.

President Trumps Student Loan Forgiveness Program

Relief for Student Loan Borrowers

While the country may be divided on whether or not President Trump has done a good job leading our nation, one thing is abundantly clear: while a candidate, he offered some excellent student loan reforms that would have taken Obama Loan Forgiveness and made it even better.

At the time of this writing, Trump has failed to live up to his promises on the student loan reform front, and instead of offering Federal forgiveness benefits to literally every single borrower, and reducing the amount of time required to earn those benefits from 20 years to just 15 years, hes done absolutely nothing to change the sad state of affairs were currently facing.

Like him or loathe him, he does have the potential to fix the student loan crisis, and we should all be pulling for him to make the right decision and start living up to the promises he offered on the campaign trail.

For full details on his proposals, how theyd improve Federal loan relief options, and how they may impact you personally if ever instituted into law, please visit my Guide to President Trumps Student Loan Forgiveness Program.

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What Is Public Service Loan Forgiveness How Did It Originate

The Public Service Loan Forgiveness is a program that was launched in 2007 in an effort to steer more college graduates into public service. As long as they made 10 years of payments on their federal student loans, the program promised to erase the remainder.

The program, however, has proved anything but forgiving. Before Wednesdays announcement, only 16,000 borrowers had seen their debt forgiven via the program, according to the Education Department. About 1.3 million people are trying to have their debts discharged through the program.

One of the most problematic pieces of Public Service Loan Forgiveness: Many borrowers had the wrong type of loan and didn’t realize they weren’t eligible for relief.

When the loan forgiveness program was first introduced, many of the loans offered from the federal government were Family Federal Education Loans , or loans made through private entities but insured by the federal government.

The government stopped offering those loans in 2010 and now relies on direct loans the kind eligible for forgiveness. The Education Department said about 60% of borrowers with an approved employer hold FFEL loans.

Potential Pitfalls Of Forgiveness

The IRS likes to tax things, and forgiven debt is no exception. Public service loan forgiveness is not taxable. But any balance wiped out through an income-driven repayment plan can be counted as income and taxed. It’s important to prepare for this eventual tax bill. Consider setting aside money in a dedicated savings account.

Note that the American Rescue Plan , passed by Congress and signed by President Biden in March 2021, includes a provision that student loan forgiveness issued between Jan. 1, 2021, and Dec. 31, 2025, will not be taxable to the recipient.

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What If You Default

You should try to avoid defaulting on your student loans. A default will negatively impact your credit score and your ability to obtain credit in the future. But if you are unable to avoid default, you may have options to help repair your credit and get you back on track. You can consider contacting your servicer to discuss your options and ask them to work with you toward a sensible solution.

While each person’s particular situation is different, below you will find some general information regarding default and your post-default options:

Revised Pay As You Earn

Proposal to reduce student loan relief

Applies to:

  • Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans regardless of when borrower first obtained the loans
  • Direct PLUS Loans made to students regardless of when the borrower first obtained the loans
  • Direct Consolidation Loans regardless of when the borrower first consolidated the loans

Payments

  • Payments change based on the borrowers income
  • Maximum monthly payments are 10% of discretionary income and could be more than the 10 year Standard Repayment Plan.

Considerations

Requirements

  • Any borrower with eligible federal student loans can make payments under this plan
  • The loans must be in good standing to qualify
  • No income requirement to enter plan
  • The borrower must provide supporting documentation of income and family size to the loan servicer every year

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Military Student Loan Forgiveness Programs

Military Personnel have access to some of the best, most powerful Federal student loan relief packages on offer, including the Public Service Loan Forgiveneess Program , as well as a variety of programs only available to Service Members, like the Military College Loan Repayment Program .

Benefits are determined by MOS and Service Branch, but generally the Army and Navy have the best packages on offer, though the Air Force, Coast Guard and even the Marines typically offer something to their Service Personnel as well.

Military Forgiveness Benefits change all the time, depending on the need for new recruits, so be sure youve looking at the latest information when determining whats available to you, and dont make decisions based on old data!

For full details on how forgiveness works for Service Personnel, be sure to look at my Guide on Student Loan Forgiveness for Military Personnel.

In addition to powerful loan forgiveness benefits, Service Personnel also have access to a ton of different Military Education Benefits, and Ive developed full Guides on each of the programs on offer, including:

To get an overview on all of the excellent Federal loan relief programs available to Nurses, please check out my comprehensive Guide to Student Loan Forgiveness Programs for Nurses.

Private Loan Repayment Plans

Private loan repayment terms vary by lender and by contract. Check your loan agreement for the repayment terms of your private student loans.

Tip: While most private loans go into default after 120 days of non-payment, check your private loan agreement or call your loan servicer to discuss your repayment options and how you can avoid default.

Continue

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Q Are Student Loan Burdens Economically Handicapping An Entire Generation

A. More adults between 18 and 35 are living at home, and fewer of them own homes than was the case for their counterparts a decade or two ago. But these trends are mostly due to these folks entering the work force during the Great Recession rather than due to their student loans. Federal Reserve researchers estimate that 20% of the decline in homeownership can be attributed to their increased student loan debt the bulk of the decline reflects other factors.

Pslf Or Idr Borrowers Who Made Payments During The Covid

Consumer Debt Relief  What you need to know in 2020 ...

The following options are available to you:

  • Receive a refund if you made payments and now realize you didnt have to, you can request a refund for all payments made since March 13, 2020.
  • Opt back in to the suspension of payments if you have opted out of the suspension, you are able to put the forbearance back on your account to suspend payments through at least May 1, 2022.

To receive a refund and/or opt back in to the suspension of payments, please .

If you do not want a refund, please see the Payment Processing Page for information on how your payments made during the COVID-19 suspension will be applied.

Federal Student Aid’s coronavirus/COVID-19 web page is located at StudentAid.gov/coronavirus. The page includes information about relief to student loan borrowers, including those who have defaulted on their federal student loans. Please visit the page regularly for updates.

  • Grace Period Interest Savings Calculator
  • Teacher Loan Forgiveness Quiz

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Support For Students And Recent Graduates Impacted By Covid

Support for Students and Recent Graduates Impacted by COVID-19.

The Government of Canada continues to take action to help Canadians and businesses facing hardship as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak. Learn more about the latest measures at Canadas COVID-19 Economic Response Plan.

The Government of Canada recognizes that students and recent graduates are being significantly affected by the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. In March 2020, the number of post-secondary working students, aged 15-29, dropped by 28% from February 2020.

As many post-secondary students adapt to the new reality brought on by COVID-19, they are concerned about the effect of the pandemic on their ability to continue their studies, secure and retain summer employment, pay their bills, and save for tuition in the fall. Additionally, students who are about to graduate might struggle to find employment in their field of study, which may in turn, have a negative impact on the value of their education over the long term.

The government has announced a series of measures as part of its COVID-19 Emergency Response Plan that will help Canadian students and recent graduates overcome these challenges and support their future success. These represent an investment of approximately $9 billion.

Private Student Loan Debt Forgiveness Options

Private loans, from a bank, parent or other financial institution, are repaid directly to your lender. They might include a student line of credit, student credit card or overdraft. Any term revisions must be negotiated with your student loan provider.

Private student loans are just like any other unsecured debt. There are no special rules or study period limitations to qualify for of loan forgiveness. Any credit card debts, lines of credit or bank loans you used to fund the tuition fees and other costs of your education can be discharged in a bankruptcy or proposal with no limitations or waiting period. Read our article for more on repaying private student debt.

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Federal Perkins Loan Cancellation

If you took out a federal Perkins loan to pay for school, you could qualify for loan cancellation in a variety of ways. The Perkins loan cancellation and discharge program typically forgives a certain percentage of student loan debt after every year of service. Over time, you could get up to 100% of your Perkins loan canceled.

Enhancing Student Financial Assistance For Fall 2020

Changes made to federal loan relief program

The Canada Student Loan Program provides student financial assistance to post-secondary education students. With more than 700,000 student currently benefiting from these grants and loans, it has the broadest reach of federal student programs.

Due to the economic impacts of COVID-19, students may be unable to secure and retain summer employment, and save for school in the fall. As a result, many students are worried about their ability to manage tuition fees and the cost of books for the next school year.

To address additional financial needs of students caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the government proposes to change the Canada Student Loan Programs eligibility requirements in 2020-21 to allow more students to qualify for supports and be eligible for greater amounts, including doubling the non-repayable Canada Student Grants for full and part time students, as well as for students with disabilities and students with dependents, in the coming academic year. These measures are expected to expand the reach of the program and benefit more than 760,000 students at an estimated cost of approximately $1.9 billion over two years starting in 2020-21.

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Federal State & Local Government Employee Loan Forgiveness Programs

Commonly referred to as the Federal Employee or Government Worker Student Loan Forgiveness Program, this benefit is actually no different from Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program .

As I already outlined in the section above, PSLF offers completely Federal loan forgiveness after serving in a qualifying Public Service role and making 10 years worth of full, on-time monthly payments under on of the Income-Based Federal Student Loan Repayment Plans.

The best thing about the Government Employee Loan Forgiveness Program is that its available to EVERYONE who works for ANY sort of Government, at any level, including the President himself, everyone in the Military, and all Federal, State or Local Government Employees.

What this means is that even if you dont currently qualify for PSLF, all you need to do to eliminate your student loans is find a qualifying job, get enrolled in one of the Income-Based Repayment Plans, and hang tight for 10 years while making your payments on-time and in-full, then your remaining debt will be forgiven.

And perhaps the best part about PSLF forgiveness is that it doesnt matter how much you owe if youve got $20,000 or $2,000,000 in debt, itll be wiped out entirely as soon as you make that 120th monthly payment , but even better you also wont have to pay taxes on any of the forgiveness you receive!

For full details on this program, please visit my Guide to Student Loan Forgiveness for Federal Employees, State & Local Government Workers.

What Is A Private Student Loan

Private student loans do not come from the federal government. Banks and other financial institutions generally provide private student loans. Other private student lenders include non-profit lenders and schools that offer their own loans.

Generally, you should use private student loans as a last resort to fund your education. Most private student loans do not offer the same protections as federal loans, such as income-based repayment plans, forbearance, and discharge upon death. In addition, private loans are usually more expensive than federal loans.

However, in contrast to federal loans, private loans are subject to state statutes of limitations on collection and, for the most creditworthy borrowers, may offer better interest rates than federal loans.

Two subsets of private education loans are peer-to-peer loans and institutional loans.

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Q How Many Student Loan Borrowers Are In Default

A. Thehighest default rates are among students who attended for-profit institutions. Thedefaultrate within five years of leaving school for undergrads who went to for-profitschools was 41% for two-year programs and 33% for four-year programs. Incomparison, the default rate at community colleges was 27% at public four-yearschools, 14%, and at private four-year schools, 13%.

Put differently, out of 100 students who ever attended a for-profit, 23 defaulted within 12 years of starting college in 1996 compared to 43 among those who started in 2004. In contrast, out of 100 students who attended a non-profit school, the number of defaulters rose from 8 to 11 in the same time period. In short, the government has been lending a lot of money to students who went to low-quality programs that they didnt complete, or that didnt help them get a well-paying job, or were outright frauds. One obvious solution: Stop lending money to encourage students to attend such schools.

Thepenalty for defaulting on a student loan is stiff. The loans generally cannotbe discharged in bankruptcy, and the government canand doesgarnish wages, taxrefunds, and Social Security benefits to get its money back.

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