Friday, January 6, 2023

Services Provided By The Government

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Maintaining Government Services To Canadians

Government Goods and Services

A committee of Deputy Ministers, supported by the Government Operations Centre, has been struck to ensure preparedness and coordination of federal efforts and the continuity of government services to minimize health, economic, and social impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak

To ensure the ongoing delivery of critical services, the Government of Canada has initiated whole-of-government contingency planning informed by the best available health and scientific advice regarding COVID-19.

Each federal department and agency is assessing its preparedness by reviewing its business continuity plans to ensure continuity of the Government’s services to Canadians.

As the situation evolves, the Government will continue monitoring threats to critical services and infrastructure to ensure continuity of essential services and supports across all levels of government. The Government Operations Centre will increase its level of activity to coordinate federal actions, including to potentially reallocate human resources across the Government to ensure delivery of key functions.

Gst On Services Provided By Government Department

We all take services from our government or local authority and we often think whether they need to pay any services provided by them to us as they themselves are government and how will they pay GST to themselves.

Therefore in this post lets discuss various FAQ related to services provided by government like courier service, security service etc.

Q. Are all services provided by the Government or local authority exempted from payment of tax ?

Q. Are Government or local authority or governmental authority liable to pay tax?

A. Yes. The Government or a local authority or a governmental authority is liable to pay tax on supply of services other than the services notified as exempt or notified as neither a supply of goods nor a supply of services under clause of sub-section of section 7 of the CGST Act, 2017. In respect of services other than renting of immovable property services by the Department of Posts by way of speed post, express parcel post, life insurance, and agency services provided to a person other than Government and services in relation to an aircraft or a vessel, inside or outside the precincts of an airport or a port, the service recipients are required to pay the tax under reverse charge mechanism.

Q. Would services provided by one department of the Government to another Department of the Government be taxable?

However, this exemption is not applicable to:

services of transport of goods and/or passengers.

Essential Supplies And Medicines

Federal, provincial, and territorial governments are working closely to ensure that Canada has the health supplies and surge capacity needed to respond in the event of a pandemic. This includes adding to federal and provincial stockpiles, collaborating on bulk purchases, identifying options to diversify domestic supply sources, and investing in Canada’s National Emergency Strategic Stockpile to ensure critical resources can be deployed to provinces and territories if needed.

The Government of Canada will invest $50 million towards the purchase of personal protective equipment and other necessary medical supplies and equipment to support federal requirements. Additional PPE suppliessuch as nitrile gloves, surgical masks, N95 respirators, face shields, isolation gowns and coverallswill be made available to help address the anticipated demands on local, provincial and territorial governments and health workers.

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General And Specific Legislative Powers

The powers of the provincial legislatures were carefully limited by the Constitution Act, 1867 . The provinces were granted specific jurisdictionin 16 areas. In contrast, powers were granted to the federal Parliament in 29 areas .

The scope of provincial legislative power was broadly defined in the Constitution as generally all matters of a merely local or private Nature in the Province. Othermore specific areas include:

  • the incorporation of companies with provincial objectives
  • the formalization of
  • and the administration of justice.

Provincial courts enforce both civil and criminal law.Under section 93, education is an exclusive provincial responsibility, subject to certain qualifications. Under section 95, agricultureand immigration overlap both jurisdictions but have federal paramountcy if there is conflicting legislation, the federal statuteprevails.

The control of public lands and provincial ownership of natural resources has proved to be of particular importance. However, the most relevant interpretations of theConstitution regarding provincial rights have concerned property rights and civil rights. These judicial rulings have guarded provincial jurisdiction against federal interests. They have also provided specific support for provincial regulation of labour relations, marketing, and business contracts.

Federal Jurisdiction

Goods & Services Tax In Indiarcm Liability On Government Services

TEN SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE GOVERNMENT by Leah Taylor
INTRODUCTION
The basic concept of Indirect Tax is that the person supplying goods or services, collects tax from the recipient and thereafter deposits the same with the Government. But in certain transactions, it may happen that the recipient of the goods or services is required to deposit the tax directly to the Government Treasury and this process is known as Reverse Charge Mechanism.
Under GST Law, Section 9 of the CGST Act, 2017 and Section 5 of the IGST Act, 2017 empowers the Central Government to notify such goods and services on supply of which the recipient shall be liable to pay applicable GST under the Reverse Charge Mechanism.
RCM ON SERVICES RECEIVED FROM GOVERNMENT
The Central Government by exercising its powers under Section 9 of the CGST Act, 2017 and Section 5 of the IGST Act, 2017 has notified various goods and services on supply of which the recipient is liable to pay applicable GST. One of the services notified, vide Notification No. 13/2017-CT dated 28.06.2017 and Notification No. 10/2017-IT dated 28.06.2017, is the service received from the Government by the business entity. The entry can be understood as under:
  • Category of Supply Services supplied by the Central Government, State Government, Union Territory or Local Authority to a business entity
  • Supplier Central Government, State Government, Union Territory or Local Authority
  • Recipient/ person liable to pay GST Any business entity located in the taxable territory.
Applicability
EXCEPTIONS

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What Are The Main Responsibilities Of Local Government

Local government is responsible for a range of vital services for people and businesses in defined areas. Among them are well known functions such as social care, schools, housing and planning and waste collection, but also lesser known ones such as licensing, business support, registrar services and pest control.

Contributing To The International Response

The Government of Canada has engaged with its international counterparts through various means since the novel coronavirus emerged. With the situation related to COVID-19 evolving rapidly around the world, the Government of Canada will continue to work closely with its international partners, including the World Health Organization, to reduce risks to Canadians and the global community.

Collaboration with international organizations: In support of global efforts to combat COVID-19, the Government of Canada provided $2 million to the World Health Organization to help vulnerable countries prepare and respond to coronavirus events.

The Government of Canada will provide an additional $50 million in international assistance to the World Health Organization and other partners for potential bi-lateral support for developing countries in response to COVID-19.

Federal G7 health and finance ministers have held regular calls to share approaches and discuss responses with the aim of protecting the health of their citizens and the global population as well as mitigating other issues related to the outbreak.

The Government of Canada will also continue working with international health regulators, including the European Medicines Agency and the United States Food and Drug Administration, to support and coordinate rapid regulatory responses for potential vaccines and other medical countermeasures.

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Sanitation: South Africas Problem

In 1994 an estimated 21 million people did not have access to a basic level of sanitation. Today, there are still 18 million people who do not have access to basic sanitation at present. An estimated 15% of clinics and 11, 7% of schools are without sanitation. Many other schools use pit latrines that are inadequate, dirty and unsafe. This all adds up to a potential health time bomb. The government will therefore support communities and households in wiping out the sanitation backlog by 2010.

Sanitation means collecting and getting rid – in a hygienic manner – of waste, including human excreta, household waste water and rubbish. If this is not done, neighbourhoods become dirty and people get sick. Sanitation is vital for good health. In South Africa we already have 1, 5 million cases of diarrhoea each year in children under 5, as well as outbreaks of cholera. Other health problems associated with poor sanitation include dysentery, typhoid, malaria, bilharzia, worm infestations, eye infections, skin diseases and increased infections in HIV positive people. Good sanitation leads to increased life expectancy.

South Africas sanitation problem has two main causes:

  • Lack of infrastructure .
  • Poor hygiene ,

Providing improved toilets is one part of the answer. At the same time we must improve community knowledge of health matters, improve hygiene and community participation in sanitation programmes.

Service Tax Not Payable On Services Provided To Government Company For Transmission Of Electricity

“Service Tax – Exemption on construction services provided to government (Budget 2016)”

The Customs, Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal, Delhi in the case of M/s Vivek Constructions v. Commissioner of Central Excise and Central Goods & Service Tax held that no Service Tax is payable on services provided to a Government Company for transmission of electricity.

M/s. Vivek Constructions is registered with the Service Tax Department and is engaged in providing works contract services to Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Prasaran Nigam Ltd. which is a Government Company. It appeared to Revenue Department that the Appellant has not paid/ short paid service tax for the taxable services provided during the period 2010-2011 to 2014-2015 and thus, the short-paid tax was found to be Rs.7,75,082/-. A show cause notice raising the demand for the same was given to the Appellant.

The Appellant raised the contention that as per exemption notification no.11/2010-ST dated 27.12.2010, the services provided by any person to any other person for transmission of electricity is exempt from service tax. Further, as per negative list of services vide circular no.12/2012-ST read with exemption notification no.25/2012-ST, services provided to the Government and Government Companies are exempt and only those services were taxable, which are used primarily for commerce or industry, or work intended for commerce or industry.

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Energy And Electrification Policy: Intended Outcomes

The RDP identifies energy as a basic need. It went further to state that although Eskom has excess generating capacity, only 36% of South African households have access to electricity, leaving some three million households unelectrified. Furthermore, some 19 000 black schools and around 4 000 clinics are currently without electricity. Little attention has been paid to utilizing sustainable energy sources

The democratic government introduced an energy and electrification policy aimed at:

  • Addressing the inequalities and backlog in access to energy of the majority
  • Promoting economic development through energy provision
  • Managing the environmental and health impact of energy provision and use.

To reach these aims, the energy sector had to be fundamentally restructured. South Africas energy sector historically is based on the availability of vast amounts of relatively cheap coal in the country and closely linked to the mining sector, which needed vast amounts of cheap energy.

Percentage

Ten Services Provided By Government

Discipline: American History

Public Transit- MunicipalPublic transportation is a service provided by your city’s municipal government. The above picture depicts a system of the Toronto Transit Commission. This service provides streetcars, buses, and subway routes to maximize mobility in Toronto. It’s goal is to ensure that Toronto’s transit systems run efficiently and cost-effectively.

Ten Services Provided by the Government

National Defence – FederalThe Canadian Armed Forces are the country’s military services, provided by the federal government. Our forces include the Navy, the Army, and the Air Force. These serve to protect and defend our country. The CAF patrols the skies and coasts for danger, lead search and rescue missions, and assist in disaster relief for civilians.

Garbage & Recycling – MunicipalSolid Waste Management is a municipal government service. It provides waste management services to residents, businesses and visitors within the City of Toronto. They are responsible for organizing your recycling, household hazardous products, waste electronics, etc. The goal of this service is to maintain a clean city.

Driver’s Licence- ProvincialYour driver’s licence is provided by your provincial government. The picture to the left is a typical Ontario driver’s licence. It contains information such as your full name, your address, and licence number. This licence is proof of your privilege to drive.

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Working With Indigenous Leaders And Communities

Indigenous Services Canada is working closely with the Public Health Agency of Canada, other departments, and provincial and territorial counterparts to protect the health and safety of First Nations to support them in responding to public health threats, including the novel coronavirus. ISC’s regional emergency management coordinators, communicable disease coordinators, and regional medical officers are working with First Nations communities and the BC First Nations Health Authority in support of public health emergency preparedness and response activities. The Government of Canada will also engage with First Nations and Inuit communities to support access to health services that are comparable to that of other Canadians. ISC is working closely with Indigenous partners, provincial and territorial governments to share information to prepare for and respond to COVID-19.

Services Provided By The Local Government

TEN SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE GOVERNMENT by Kay See

The provision of social services, social benefits, emergency social assistance and other assistance is organised by the local government of the persons place of residence as entered in the population register. Each of the local governments establishes a procedure for the provision of assistance, which must include a description of:

  • social services and social benefits, which the local government provides and pays
  • who and under which conditions is entitled to receive social services and benefits.

Local governments may have different organisations and rules concerning social services and benefits, but the provided assistance must in a timely manner and flexibly satisfy the changing needs of a person, improve the quality of life and ensure equal opportunities for participation in the society.

Pursuant to the Social Welfare Act, a local government is obligated to provide 11 social services, apart from which also other social services may be arranged.

In case a person needs assistance in their coping or their familys coping, the social work specialist of the rural municipality or city government of the persons residence must be contacted, who will then identify to what extent and which assistance the contacting person needs in solving the specific social problem.

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Issuing Public Health Guidance

Federal, provincial, and territorial health officials and experts have been and will continue to work closely to develop and disseminate guidance to ensure a coordinated and consistent approach to the COVID-19 outbreak. This includes guidance on infection prevention and control, surveillance, how to reduce the spread of disease in community settings such as schools, workplaces and mass gatherings. It also includes strategies to protect vulnerable populations including seniors and remote populations, and the appropriate use and prioritization of personal protective equipment and other countermeasures by health workers and first responders.

Taxation And Other Revenue

Provincial taxing powers are limited to direct taxation within the province. This includes personal and corporate income taxes, consumer taxes and certain property taxes.The main source of provincial non-tax revenue is from the management, sale and leasing of public lands, timber andnatural resources. A constitutional amendment in 1982 gave the provinces an unrestricted taxing power over natural resources. This amendment clarified and expanded provincialpowers over non-renewable resources, forestry resources and electrical energy.

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Provincial Government In Canada

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Under Canadas federal system, the powers of government are between the federal government and10 provincial governments. The Constitution Act, 1867 granted specific jurisdiction to the provinces in 16 areas, compared to 29 for the federal government.However, provincial powers have expanded since then. Provinces can levy direct taxation and derive most of their non-tax revenue from the use of public lands andnatural resources. Provincial governments in Canada are modelled on the British Westminster parliamentary tradition and reflect the principles of responsible government.They comprise an elected legislative assembly, from which a governing cabinet is selected by the premier. Thelieutenant-governor assents to legislation as the representative of the Crown.

What Does The Free Basic Water Policy Entail

Service tax on Any services provided by Government or Local Authority to Business Entity

According to the FBW policy, to be implemented by Local Government, households are entitled up to 6000 litres of clean water every month at no cost. Those who use more than this volume of free water must be responsible for the costs.

48.0 %

SOURCE: www.dwaf.gov.za as on 1 February 2004

The above figures indicate that substantial progress has been made to implement the policy of free basic water. However, less than 50% of poor households, who are the main target of the policy, have been reached. Reasons for this include weak capacity of municipalities in poorer areas, weak financial base to support the policy and these are also often the areas where no water infrastructure exists as yet. It has also been noted that the policy does not cover large numbers of farm workers, who live on private land.

Very often, councils have difficulties with implementing the system in the context of their existing billing for water. The department has developed guidelines on the steps towards implementing this policy, available from the department or on its website – www.dwaf.gov.za.

FBW: A simple guide for councils. June 2001 Assessment of free basic water in a Rural Context Free Basic Water Implementation for Farm dwellers

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