Wednesday, September 6, 2023

Government Subsidies For Solar Farms

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Barriers In Environmental Permitting

Anesco unveils UK’s first subsidy-free solar farm | Energy Live News

Largescale renewable energy technologies are subject to all the necessary environmental permits of major industrial facilities. Renewable energy generation using new technologies can face permitting hurdles until permitting officials are familiar with the environmental effects of the generation processes.

Ethanol And Other Renewable Motor Fuels

Several federal and state requirements and incentives are in effect for the production, sale, and use of ethanol, biodiesel, and other fuels made from biomass. The federal Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 requires that 36 billion gallons of biofuels be used in the United States per year by 2022. Several states have their own renewable fuel standards or requirements. Other federal programs provide financial support and incentives for ethanol and other biofuels producers. Many states have their own programs that support or promote the use of biofuels. The DOE’s Alternative Fuel Data Center is a source of information on these types of programs.

A biodiesel fuel pump

How Do Subsidies Help New Technologies

Keeping within the context of energy, lets imagine a simple scenario back in the day, living in a town with one source of power: a coal-burning plant. In order to power your home sufficiently, youll need to pay the operators of this plant about $100 per month to use their energy. Everything is great with this arrangement except for the fact that you only live a few blocks away from this plant and it produces a horrible amount of thick, black smoke all day. You hate the smoke, but you also love your lights.

Suddenly, a scientist shows up and says that they have a way to make cleaner energy without all of the smoke but it will cost you $1000 per month. You love the idea of cleaner energy, but where will you get $1000 per month to pay for it? Its expensive because this scientist will have to build a plant, hire and train operators, and potentially run new power lines or dig up whatever resource the plant uses. No matter how much you want it, that clean power will be out of your grasp without that money.

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Government To Slash Subsidies For Large Scale Solar Farms

The government has unveiled proposals to limit the subsidies paid to large solar farms from next April.

Owners of installations bigger than 5 megawatts will have to compete with other renewables for financing.

The Department of Energy & Climate Change says it wants to encourage the development of smaller scale and community energy production.

Campaigners have condemned the move, saying it will undermine investor confidence in the renewable sector.

The government wants to draw a close to the current system two years before it was projected to end.

Many parts of Southern England have seen a boom in solar power generation in recent years. There is currently enough photo-voltaic installed capacity to power 620,000 homes.

Land owners have been encouraged to switch to “solar farming”, thanks to a subsidy regime that can earn them around £1,000 per acre per annum for up to 25 years.

The government proposals highlight concerns that this switch to solar is happening far too quickly. They are worried that by 2017 there will be more solar energy being produced than the UK could afford.

Subsidies For Solar Farms To Be Cut To Help Safeguard Farmland

THECOCONUTWHISPERER : China Takes Axe To Alternative ...

New rules will ensure more agricultural land is dedicated to growing crops and food

19 October 2014

This was published under the 2010 to 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government

Farmers will lose their right to claim subsidies for fields filled with solar panels under new plans to ensure more agricultural land is dedicated to growing crops and food. The move will help rural communities who do not want their countryside blighted by solar farms.

Britain has some of the best farmland in the world and ministers want to see it dedicated to agriculture to help boost our food and farming industry that is worth £97 billion to the economy.

The change, which will come into effect from January 2015, will mean that farmers who choose to use fields for solar panels will not be eligible for any farm subsidy payments available through the Common Agricultural Policy for that land.

Environment Secretary, Elizabeth Truss said:

The changes the government is making are expected to slow down the growth of solar farms in the countryside in England. There are currently 250 installed, with the biggest covering as much as 100 hectares. Under previous plans, the number of fields dedicated to solar farms was set to increase rapidly, with over 1,000 ground-based solar farms expected by the end of the decade across the UK. These changes should help to halt this expansion as it will now become less financially attractive for farmers to install the solar panels.

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Fossil Fuel And Nuclear Subsidies

In contrast to what weve gotten from our renewables investment, from fossil fuel and nuclear subsidies weve only gained more pollution and higher costs.

U.S. costs from the climate crisis caused by the burning of coal, oil and natural gas will soon climb to $360 billion a year, according to the Universal Ecological Fund. The International Monetary Fund estimates that in the U.S., public health costs from air pollution caused by fossil fuel emissions were $300 billion in 2015. And Oil Change International notes:

The cost of federal fossil fuel subsidies to American taxpayers is equivalent to the projected 2018 budget cuts from proposals to slash 10 public programs and services, including supports for Americas most vulnerable children and families. Misplaced priorities, not a scarcity of resources, are driving this administrations efforts to balance the national budget at the expense of the most vulnerable.

The Congressional Research Services estimate of $100 billion in federal nuclear subsidies goes back more than 70 years. But its still mounting.

The research service says that since 2010, nuclear power has received in excess of $4 billion more in taxpayer support for technology development than renewables have. Taxpayers for Common Sense reports that the new units at Georgia Powers Vogtle nuclear plant, under construction since 2013, have received more than $12 billion in loan guarantees but now are projected to cost twice as much as initially estimated.

Federal Grants To Start Solar Power Farms

Uncle Sam aka the federal government has created several grant programs to support solar power farms and other solar energy projects. These include grants from the Department of Energy and the Department of Agriculture. You can find additional financial support programs in the form of tax incentives and loans from federal sources as well as from state and local government programs.

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Investment Tax Credit For Solar

The federal investment tax credit is far and away the best solar incentive. The ITC gives back 26 percent of what you paid for solar on your taxes. Instead of a deduction, which reduces your taxable income , a tax credit directly offsets what you would otherwise owe in taxes. In other words, instead of just being taxed on a lower income, the federal ITC offsets what you actually owe in taxes, and can even come back to you as a refund.

Other Grant And Financial Assistance Sources

Seoul city expands subsidies for solar panel installation

States and local governments offer a wide variety of assistance programs in support of solar energy projects. These include direct grants, such as the Green Communities Grant program in Massachusetts, as well as other types of incentives, such as the Sun Loan Program offered by New York State.

The Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency, known as DSIRE, maintains a comprehensive and up-to-date list of solar energy, and other energy, financial incentive programs offered by states and local governments as well as federal programs. A few private-sector funding programs are included as well.

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Does The Government Give Grants To People Or Businesses To Get Solar Panels

Uncle Sam gives out hundreds of billions of dollars in federal grant money every year through more than 1,000 grant programs. States and local governments provide billions more. The total amount available and overall funding goals vary greatly from year to year, but funding for alternative energy projects is a priority for many programs, including programs with a focus on solar panels for providing power to homes, businesses, farms and other operations. You can use a convenient online tool to explore solar energy grant opportunities.

How To Apply For Solar Subsidy In Madhya Pradesh

The government announced a 40% subsidy for up to 3 kW system but it was difficult to get due to the unavailability of funds during the pandemic. Its available for residential homeowners who install on-grid solar systems. It is provided by the state DISCOM company after submitting the complete installation documents on their portal.

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Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha Evam Utthaan Mahabhiyaan

  • Objective
  • The scheme aims to add solar and other renewable capacity of 25,750 MW by 2022 with total central financial support of Rs. 34,422 Crore including service charges to the implementing agencies.
  • The Scheme consists of three components:
  • Component A: 10,000 MW of Decentralized Ground Mounted Grid Connected Renewable Power Plants of individual plant size up to 2 MW.
  • Component B: Installation of 17.50 lakh standalone Solar Powered Agriculture Pumps of individual pump capacity up to 7.5 HP.
  • Component C: Solarisation of 10 Lakh Grid-connected Agriculture Pumps of individual pump capacity up to 7.5 HP.
  • Components A and C of the Scheme will be implemented in Pilot mode till 31st December 2019. The Component B, which is an ongoing sub-programme, will be implemented in entirety without going through pilot mode.
  • The capacities to be implemented under pilot mode for the Components A and C are as follows:
  • Component A: Commissioning of 1000 MW capacity of ground/ stilt mounted solar or other renewable energy source based power projects
  • Component C: Solarization of 1,00,000 grid connected agriculture pumps
  • Component A:
  • DISCOMs will notify sub-station wise surplus capacity which can be fed from such RE power plants to the Grid and shall invite applications from interested beneficiaries for setting up the renewable energy plants.
  • The renewable power generated will be purchased by DISCOMs at a feed-in-tariff determined by respective State Electricity Regulatory Commission .
  • Additional Application Details Of Note

    Subsidies for solar farms to be cut to help safeguard ...

    USDA anticipates publishing a final rule for REAP later this year and it is the USDAs intention that the final REAP rule will codify REAP scoring criteria being utilized for this funding announcement. Applicants who have already filed REAP applications for FY 2021 prior to this announcement will be allowed to provide additional information necessary for application scoring, and the modification will not be treated as a new application nor will it alter the official submission date.

    In order to support efforts to evaluate its outreach efforts to under-served and under-represented populations, USDA is requesting that each applicant provide race, ethnicity, and gender information about the applicant however such information is not required and eligibility or the likelihood of receiving an award will not be impacted by furnishing or not furnishing this information. However, this information is important in order for groups like NSAC and others to assess who is being served by USDA programs and NSAC encourages producers to provide this information in their application materials.

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    Farming Under Solar Panels

    Solar panels dont have to take land out of production.

    A decade-long research project by the University of Massachusetts evaluated a solar array consisting of three panels vertically stacked and elevated by a racking design that supports the panels 4 to 7 feet off the ground.

    The panel clusters were spaced to 2 to 5 feet apart, permitting sunlight to reach grass growing beneath the panels.

    Every spot beneath the panels gets about two-thirds of the full amount of sunlight throughout the day, explains university agronomist Stephen Herbert of the projects 17-kilowatt installation.

    A similar elevated panel cluster is in commercial product from Hyperion Systems . Costs of elevated solar arrays vary widely, ranging from $2 to $5 per watt.

    The area underneath the panels produced 90% to 95% of the yield of the pasture area not covered by solar panels, Herbert says. Also, on hot summer days cattle can lie down in the shade underneath the panels.

    Research results suggest that growing crops and generating energy make good partners.

    If farmers are planning on installing solar panels or are approached by a solar company hoping to develop their land into a solar farm, they should do it in such a way that they can keep agriculture going on the land, Herbert adds. They can continue to earn an income from farming in addition to the revenue earned from solar energy.

    The Massachusetts project is also researching producing vegetables and other crops under the panel array.

    Brazil Sees Solar Boom Ahead Of Cut In Subsidies For New Projects

    A photovoltaic solar panel farm is seen in Porto Feliz, Sao Paulo state, Brazil February 13, 2020. REUTERS/Amanda Perobelli

    Spain´s Iberdrola , France´s Voltalia , EDF , Italy´s Enel and Portugal´s EDP Renewables are among the main players developing solar projects in Brazil, as well as Atlas Energia, controlled by the British private equity firm Actis, ePowerBay said on Tuesday.

    Only projects registered with the electricity industry regulator ANEEL by March 2022 will benefit from the subsidies, which will be scrapped. The subsidies halve the price renewable projects pay for the usage of transmission networks.

    “Certainly the looming end of the subsidy has accelerated the seeking of approval for new projects by developers, primarily for the solar ones,” the consultancy said.

    Last September, before the government proposed the law cutting subsidies, investors had filed requests with ANEEL for the development of 8.7 gigawatts in new renewable projects. In March, after the law passed, requests for new projects jumped to 18 GW, lead by solar projects.

    The volume of projects seeking approval in just the month of March surpasses many times over the total capacity of solar parks currently operational in Brazil .

    According to ePowerBay, Voltalia registered 4 GW in new solar projects with ANEEL, followed by Iberdrola , EDP Renewables , Atlas , EDF , and Enel Green Power .

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    What Is Price Cannibalisation

    Another reason why financiers might shy away from investing in subsidy-free renewables is price cannibalisation. This is where, for example, plentiful solar output on sunny days floods the system and depresses the price that the solar plants earns.

    As a result, the biggest risk to renewables are renewables themselves, says Dr Manuel Koehler, managing director of Auroras Berlin office.

    This effect reduces the market electricity price when renewables are supplying power, known as their capture price. During windy or sunny periods, it makes electricity cheaper for consumers , but it also cuts returns for renewable developers. This effect intensifies as each new unit of wind or solar is added, setting the sector up to be a victim of its own success.

    If large volumes of renewables are built in the UK, then capture prices might fall from the base case assumption of £46/MWh in 2030 to just £36/MWh, Aurora says.

    A further uncertainty is that the nature of the wider electricity system has a big impact on the capture price. More flexible grids may be able to respond to sunny periods by turning up demand by charging electric vehicles, for example counteracting the impact of price cannibalisation.

    Grid flexibility, price cannibalisation and merchant risk overlap and only partially cancel each other out, Aurora says. In combination, it puts a worst-case 2030 capture price for onshore wind at £30/MWh, a third below its base-case assumption, as the chart below shows.

    What Is The Meaning Of Solar Subsidy

    Governments moving away from solar subsidies

    We know that Solar Energy is the free & clean energy and it reduces the dependency of natural resources, such as Water and Coal. Government wants to install solar power in each houses through which each homes roof will produce self-energy. Government supports financially to install solar power in residential homes.

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    Renewable Energy Grants And Incentives

    This page provides general information and links to municipal, provincial, federal, and applicable international incentive programs. We will update the program information as we become aware of additions and changes.

    Albertans can benefit from programs that support their investments in solar energy and other energy efficiency measures.

    Solar Panel Subsidy In Maharashtra

    The solar project subsidy in Maharashtra is managed by MEDA. Maharashtras installed solar energy capacity now accounts for more than 1800 MW and rooftop solar is near 230 MW. It has the fourth-highest installed rooftop solar power generation capacity across the country. The state is strengthening its policy of providing financial assistance for using solar energy in cottage and micro industries.

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    How To Apply For Solar Subsidy In Rajasthan

    The government announced a 40% subsidy for up to 3 kW system but it was difficult to get funds due to the pandemic. The subsidy is available for residential homeowners who install on-grid solar systems. It is provided by the state discom company after submitting the complete installation documents on their portal.

    Federal Energy Subsidies: What Are We Getting For Our Money

    Subsidies cut for small

    Through tax breaks, funding for research and development, and other federal government programs and policies, American taxpayers subsidize the spectrum of energy sources: oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, wind, solar and other renewables. So what are we getting for our money?

    You dont have to be an economist to spot the best use of our tax dollars. But lets look closer at those bottom lines.

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